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Carpet Types

At Carpet Court when we talk about carpet types we are generally referring to the way the wool or synthetic carpet pile is constructed.

Carpet pile is usually manufactured in a loop, plush or twist format. Carpet types can be textured or plain, and also be a combination of looped and cut. Each type creates a different look. The carpet type also has some bearing on the way the carpet handles traffic, wear and tear and which areas of the home it is best suited to.

loop pile Carpet


Loop Pile

Find inspiration with our loop pile carpet ranges


  Plush Pile Carpet


Plush Pile

Find inspiration with our plush pile carpet ranges


  Twist Pile Carpet


Twist Pile

Find inspiration with our twist pile carpet ranges



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  2. Far North
    Carpet Far North
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  3. Natural Formations
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  4. Ocean Road
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  5. Parklife
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  8. Charming
    Carpet Charming
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What types of carpet can you choose from?

When wool or synthetic fibres are threaded through carpet backing they are either looped or cut.

A carpet made from a looped pile construction can have loops of uniform lengths giving an even appearance or the loops can be of varied heights, creating a textured look. Cape Town is an example of a synthetic, solution dyed nylon carpet in a textured loop pile, which creates an interesting patterned look. Borneo has a much smoother, uniform look, being a plain loop in a durable polypropylene fibre.

Cut pile carpets are made when the threaded loops are then cut, which usually results in a more luxurious and formal appearance than a looped pile carpet. Cut pile carpets are either plush, which means the pile is cut to a level height creating a dense, smooth appearance or they can be described as twist, which means the cut pile is twisted so that it lies in different directions and has a less uniform, more textured appearance.

What types of carpet can you choose from

Why is the type of carpet you choose important?

When choosing the right type of carpet for your home it is important to consider several factors:

Is the carpet going into a heavy traffic area? If so, something like a plush pile may not be the best choice because it can tend to show footprints and vacuum tracks. Twisted cut pile or level loop pile carpets tend not to show the imprints and impressions which occur in heavy foot traffic conditions.

Is your style of home décor casual and relaxed or elegant and formal? A plush cut pile tends to have a more velvety and sophisticated appearance than a loop pile. Loop piles have a more contemporary, patterned look and in a simple loop they can create a casual impression better suited in a relaxed interior design.

Do you have pets and young children? Because of the way they are constructed loop pile carpets can be a little more stain resistant and easier to clean, simply because spills may sit on the surface of the looped pile longer, whereas cut pile carpet fibres may absorb spills a little quicker and deeper. That said, manufacturing processes for both are so advanced nowadays that most carpets have excellent stain and soiling resistant properties built in.

What is the most durable type of carpet?

This depends on the environment the carpet is being laid in as to the level of durability required.

Generally speaking, loop piles are known to be hard wearing, crush resistant, easy to clean and least likely to leave tracking marks. Loop pile is a construction frequently used in polypropylene carpets which are popular in rental properties and commercial environments.

In the average family home a synthetic twist pile carpet is hardwearing and highly resistant to staining, crushing and fading. Wool carpets offer many natural stain and moisture repelling properties and synthetic carpets have the technology to resist stains and moisture equally well.

If your floor receives a lot of direct sunlight, you may find many of the synthetic fibre carpets have better fade resistance than natural, 100% pure wool.

What is plush carpet? What is plush carpet?

Cloud Walk is a beautiful example of a lusciously soft plush carpet available in a choice of twelve sublime colours and manufactured from quality Triexta fibre. Plush carpet has short, dense fibres which can sometimes be very slightly twisted. The finish on a plus carpet has a velvety appearance.

Plush carpet is a popular choice in executive or formal homes which don’t receive a high level of foot traffic or family activity. While plush carpet is hardwearing and manufacturing processes mean that plush carpet can certainly withstand a lifetime of activity, it is not able to mask the signs of family life as readily as a twist pile, meaning there is more work involved in keeping its luxurious appearance pristine.

What is twist carpet?

The beauty of twist pile carpet is obvious in the Helms Hill carpet collection. In a selection of eight earthy tones, Helms Hill has interesting light and dark shades caused by the twisted yarn construction.

A twist pile carpet has a more textured finish than a plush pile carpet. Twist piles are known for their resiliency along with their stain, crush and fade resistant properties. Twist piles are popular in family homes because the varying positions of the twisted fibres make foot traffic and light soiling less obvious.