At Carpet Court when we talk about carpet types we are generally referring to the way the wool or synthetic carpet pile is constructed.
Carpet pile is usually manufactured in a loop, plush or twist format. Carpet types can be textured or plain, and also be a combination of looped and cut. Each type creates a different look. The carpet type also has some bearing on the way the carpet handles traffic, wear and tear and which areas of the home it is best suited to.
Find inspiration with our loop pile carpet ranges
Find inspiration with our plush pile carpet ranges
Find inspiration with our twist pile carpet ranges
What types of carpet can you choose from?
When wool or synthetic cut and looped yarns are manufactured into carpets they inherit different properties and create different visual impressions.
A carpet with a loop pile construction has a textured finish or a patterned appearance. Cape Town is an example of a synthetic, solution dyed nylon carpet in a distinctive, textured loop pile. Note the interesting patterned effect created by varying the loop pile heights. Borneo has a level loop height in a polypropylene fibre creating a more uniform look. Level loop piles are recognised for their excellent resilience and durability in family homes.
Cut pile carpets are made when the threaded loops are cut and form plush or twisted carpet styles. Luxurious plush carpets have a dense and smooth appearance caused by cutting the wool or synthetic fibres to an even, level height. Plush carpets are generally very soft and provide great cushioning under foot, due to the tightly packed density of the fibres.
Cut pile carpet styles may also be described as ‘twist’ pile which means the cut fibre is twisted so that it lies in different directions and has a less uniform appearance.
What is the best quality carpet?
Carpets have different qualities to suit different requirements, so what may be designated as the best ‘quality’ carpet may not be the best carpet for your environment. Generally speaking, woollen cut and looped yarns are considered more high-end than synthetic fibre carpets, although innovative manufacturing technology means modern synthetic carpets have become tough competitors to wool in terms of durability, soil, fade and stain resistant properties, and even softness.
Respected wool carpets in both cut and looped yarns have stood the test of time however, and continue to be regarded as the best quality carpet.
Why is the type of carpet you choose important?
Just as you wouldn’t wear elegant stiletto heels while working on the farm or gumboots to a city restaurant, you wouldn’t choose to lay plush carpet in the hallway of a bustling family home as it’s not the right type of carpet for that situation. To ensure the durability, longevity and continued good looks of your flooring it is important to choose a carpet type which best suits the environment.
The natural density of plush pile makes it luxuriously soft, thick and cushioned underfoot. Conversely plush pile does show imprints such as footprints and vacuum tracks, so it’s not ideal for high traffic areas and is more suited to elegant homes, bedrooms or formal living areas.
Twisted piles have great resiliency and tensile strength. Although they may not be as dense as plush pile carpets, they are versatile, hardwearing and able to bounce back when crushed, so twisted piles in wool or synthetic fibres are suitable for a range of home environments.
Looped pile is generally considered to be easy to clean and have more soil and stain resistant abilities than cut pile, making it ideal for busy family homes, informal settings, homes with young children or pets and high traffic areas such as hallways, living rooms and play areas.
Practical considerations aside, it is also important to choose a type of carpet which complements your style of home and the décor. Modern loop piles with a textured finish are popular in contemporary homes while a plush wool pile may suit older homes or homes with a more traditional or formal style of décor.
What type of carpet is best for high traffic areas?
Synthetic level loop piles are known to be hard wearing, crush and stain resistant, easy to clean and the textured finish is least likely to show imprints such as footprints and vacuum tracks. Loop pile is a construction frequently used in polypropylene carpets which are popular in rental properties and commercial environments due to a high degree of durability and resiliency. Polypropylene is not the softest carpet underfoot, but softness is not generally a priority in high traffic areas.
A synthetic twist pile carpet is hardwearing and highly resistant to staining, crushing and fading. Wool carpets offer many natural moisture and stain repelling properties and synthetic carpets have the technology to resist stains and moisture equally well.
If your floor receives a lot of direct sunlight, you may find many of the synthetic fibre carpets such as solution dyed nylon (SDN) have better fade resistance than pure wool carpets.
What is plush carpet?
Plush carpet fibres have a cut pile with high density and an almost velvety appearance. Cloud Walk is a fantastic example of a lusciously soft plush carpet, available in twelve sublime colours and manufactured from quality Triexta fibre. Plush carpet styles have short, dense fibres which can sometimes have a slight twist for increased tensile strength.
What is twist carpet?
Twist pile carpet fibres have a cut pile which has been twisted for added strength. Twisting the yarn can also have an interesting effect on the finish, creating light and dark shades within the fibres.
Twist piles are more textured than plush piles. They are known to be stain resistant, as well as crush and fade resistant. Twist piles are a popular choice for family homes because the twisted fibres make impressions from footprints and vacuum tracks less obvious.
What type of carpet is easiest to clean?
Modern synthetic carpet fibres are treated with excellent stain and soil repellents, so they may be considered easy to clean in comparison to wool with natural soil repellents. Level loop pile types tend to hold dirt, dust particles and debris upon the looped fibre, so they may be easier to clean than cut pile carpets where the nitty gritty particles than slip within the fibres.